International Pasta has acquired an unjustified image as a cause of health problems like weight gain, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease throughout time (CVD). The persistent acceptance of low-carbohydrate diets has helped spread the myth that eating pasta is unhealthy, yet there is little data to back up this notion. One of the mainstays of the Mediterranean diet, which has been shown through years of research to be a healthy eating pattern, is pasta, which has a lengthy culinary history.
Pasta, which is Italian for “dough,” is frequently associated with Italy, and for good reason. Italians consume 57 pounds of pasta per person annually, ranking first among the 47 countries that also consume pasta, according to the National Pasta Association. Recent data demonstrates unequivocally that pasta is popular in the US as well. Americans rank eighth out of 47 nations in terms of annual pasta consumption with over 20 pounds per person. Although substantially less than what Italians consume, pasta nonetheless contributes significantly and is reasonably priced to American diets. As of a March 2017 report from the US Department of Labour Statistics, spaghetti and macaroni cost an average of $1.27 per pound (8 servings) in the United States, making it affordable for almost everyone. Additionally, the imported pasta is available at Lucky Store at a fair price.
Pasta was first manufactured by combining a number of cereals and grains, crushing them, and then combining them with water before boiling. 6 Today, durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L.), which is produced exclusively for the production of pasta, is the preferred raw material globally. Durum wheat is tougher than ordinary wheat (Triticum aestivum L), which is used to create bread and Asian-style noodles. Milling durum wheat results in semolina, a coarse golden-yellow flour that is used to make pasta. Semolina is cooked with water to make couscous. Semolina made from durum wheat, a high-protein grain, has a compact structure that enables pasta to keep its cooking consistency, taste, and texture.
The milling of premium durum wheat is the first step in the creation of high-quality pasta. The durum wheat kernels are cleansed of any extraneous materials from the field prior to milling, and the bran’s outer layer is then scrubbed with a brush. The bran and germ are removed from the wheat when it is put into a mill, and the endosperm is split into large pieces by rollers. By separating the endosperm from the bran and grinding it, semolina flour with the right consistency and quality is produced. 7 The dough is then kneaded to get the right consistency after the semolina and water are combined. For flat shapes like lasagna and tagliatelle, the kneaded dough is then extruded via a “laminator,” while for other types of pasta, it is extruded through various moulds or dies to produce the desired shape (round dies for short pastas, rectangular for long pastas). The starch molecules are tightly encased in a protein shell during the extrusion process, giving pasta its sturdy, elastic structure.
NUTRITIONAL VALUE OF PASTA:
The majority of dry pasta sold in the US is fortified with folic acid, iron, riboflavin, and thiamine. The equivalent of 25% or more of the Daily Value (100 g) of folic acid is present in a 2-oz portion of semolina pasta (about 1 cup, cooked), making it a superior source of the B vitamin. It is also a strong source of iron, offering around 10% of the Daily Value. Pasta has no cholesterol and a very low salt content by nature. Every 2-oz dry serving of whole-grain pasta contains up to 25% of the daily required fibre intake8, along with oligosaccharides, phenolics, lignans, and phytic acid, but it is not fortified with folic acid. For flat shapes like lasagna and tagliatelle, the kneaded dough is then extruded via a “laminator,” while for other types of pasta, it is extruded through various moulds or dies to produce the desired shape (round dies for short pastas, rectangular for long pastas). The starch molecules are tightly encased in a protein shell during the extrusion process, giving pasta its sturdy, elastic structure.